Wildlife conservation is the protection of the plant and animal species as well as their natural habitats. The major goal of wildlife conservation is to ensure minimum interruption of the plants and animals in their natural localities. Thus, wildlife conservation aims at implementing measures and efforts to eliminate the challenges and threats that face them.
Who is Responsible for the Wildlife Conservation?
Protecting plants, animals, and the natural habitats from harm is a task that requires a collective approach from various individuals. First, the government is entitled to the protecting of wildlife through enforcing laws that regulate and control hunting, trapping, deforestation, poaching, and fishing among other activities.
Secondly, the local people are also responsible for the protection of wildlife. They can contribute through efforts such as preventing activities that leads to wildfire, deforestation, and wildlife hunting among other activities. The local people can also contribute through planting trees or providing food to wild animals.
Lastly, different organizations led by the United National Environmental Programme (UNEP) are also responsible for the protection of wildlife. These organizations contribute funds, educate and train people, conduct services, and also work with governments in the protection of wildlife. Other organizations include Conservation Reserve Program, and Wildlife Habitat Incentives.
What are the Major Threats and Challenges to Wildlife?
Wildlife faces a couple of threats from various dimensions. These threats are either naturally or artificially occurring or even brought about by man. First, climate change has really affected the stability of wildlife. Issues such as global warming, rising oceans and sea levels, temperature changes during various seasons, flooding, droughts, and hurricanes affect wildlife hugely.
Secondly, human activities such as pollution, uncontrolled hunting and poaching, mining, establishment of settlements and infrastructure, and also learning purposes have also posed a major threat to the wildlife. These activities target animals, plants, or even their habitats either directly or even indirectly.
Lastly, increase in population, both human and wildlife population, is a major threat to the stability and sustainability of wildlife. Currently, the available human population is pushing for the establishment of more and more settlements and food sources. Also, the available population of animals and plants demands more food and habitat sources. This poses a major challenge to wildlife.
Funding for Wildlife Conservation
Wildlife conservation activities include the establishment of agencies and departments that deals with the formulation and implement of policies and regulations. It also involves hiring of individuals to work in near or at the wildlife centers for close conservation care. This requires funding in order to ensure smooth processes.
Wildlife conservation acquires funding from different sources. Firstly, it acquires its funds from the federal and state governments, for example, Environmental Protection Fund (EPF). Secondly, it receives funds from the world or national organizations that are dedicated to its conservation. These include UNEP, Wetlands Reserve Program Funds, The Yukon Foundation, and Global Conservation Fund (GCF) among others.
Wildlife conservation is an activity that aims to sustain the presence of animals, plants, and their natural habitats. It necessarily aims at having minimum or no interruptions with the plants or animals. At the same time, wildlife conservation aims at sustaining the beauty of our environment which is highly promoted by the presence of a wide variety of plants and animal species.